An Introduction to RAMM
Road Assessment and Maintenance Management (RAMM) is software used by Road Controlling Authorities (RCAs) to manage their network assets and their condition. It is used extensively in Australasia and in Fiji. It is developed and supported by RAMM Software. RAMM may refer to the product RAMM as well as the product group which comprises the RAMM suite.
A RAMM Licence grants access to RAMM, RAMM Manager, RAMM Network Manager, RAMM SQL, RAMM GIS and more.
Find Out More
If you are new to RAMM and would like to know more about the business side of RAMM, please phone Graeme Norman our General Manager on 09 475 0524 or 021 871 451. If you are interested in the software and would like to understand the basics, you can read our introductory user guide Using RAMM here.
For the more complex features of RAMM please check out our guide for advanced users Working with RAMM here.
Take a Training Course
If you would like to take a training course RAMM 101 – Fundamentals of RAMM is a general course for users who want to learn the basics of RAMM. Many of topics are covered. The course information sheet is available here. The course schedule is available here.
Course attendees will leave with a good grasp of RAMM best practice.
Click to reveal and to hide some of the course content
RAMM allows you to describe your road network both linearly and geospatially. Each road can be divided into any number of sections. Normally this would be from intersection to intersection or based on factors such as width and traffic volumes.
Long highways can be split by reference stations and established route positions. This enables a third level of segmentation.
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Road sections are categorised based on a number of standard groupings supplied with the system and a number of user defined categories. Each road section can also record usage information such as traffic counts, traffic estimates, as well as loading information such as percentage heavies, ESAs and so on.
The network can also be split into security zones so that restrictions can be placed on access to certain parts of the network. These splits can be physical, such as by suburb, or logical such as urban or rural.
RAMM comes with standard asset types that can be described on your network. All asset types have industry standard parameters already set up. There is a wide variety to meet almost every asset manager’s requirements.
If you manage assets not on the list you can set up your own User Defined Assets (UDTs).
Click to reveal and to hide the standard RAMM asset type set
The standard RAMM Asset set includes:
- Benkelman Beam
- Carriageway Surface
- Carriageway Traffic
- Count Site
- Displacement Graph
- dTIMS CT Unload
- Falling Weight Deflectometer
- Footpath Rating
- Forward Work Programme
- High Speed Geometry
- High Speed Roughness
- High Speed Texture
- Maintenance Cost
- Minor Structure
- NZTA Audit
- NZMG Coordinate
- Pavement Layer
- Pavement Structure
- Pavement Test Pit
- RAMM 3D
- Rating Sealed
- Rating Unsealed
- Retaining Wall
- Road Dimension
- Skid Resistance
- Skid Site Change
- Street Lights
- Structural Number Length
- Surface Structure
- Surface Water Channel
- Traffic and Loading
- Traffic Facility
- Traffic Length
- Traffic Signal
- Treatment Length
- Treatment Length Cost Summary
- Treatment Selection
- Works Selection
The Condition of an asset describes its fitness or readiness for use. RAMM comes with many standard ways of determining and recording the Condition of your network assets.
Additionally you can describe your own methods of assessing the Condition of an asset.
Click to reveal and to hide the methods to measure Condition
The standard set includes:
- Roughness (NAASRA and IRI)
- Sealed and Unsealed Condition Rating
- Pavement Strength – SNP
- Skid Resistance (SCRIM)
- High Speed Condition Data for texture, rutting, deformation and geometry of the road
- Grip Test
- Test Pit
- Falling Weight Deflectometer
- Footpath Rating
- Average Vehicle Speed
Asset Valuation defines rules for the valuation of the road network and the calculation of network asset replacement costs. Local government authorities are required to fund the depreciation of their infrastructure assets.
To do this, the current Replacement Cost (RC) must be determined for those assets.
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Using this Asset Valuation information, together with details of Condition and methodologies for depreciation, the current and projected Depreciated Replacement Cost (DRC) can be determined. This DRC can be used to determine the funding required. Valuing assets also assists local government bodies with other planning activities, including:
- financial reporting
- determination of equity
- risk management.
An Assessment is the record of an inspection of an asset. You use Assessments for a number of reasons including to record the Condition of an asset or its associated likelihood and consequences of failure. In simple terms – the risks.
From this data, an overall risk value can be estimated.
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Assessments can be performed using Pocket RAMM. For this you use Assessment templates that you have created yourself. For further information watch Setting Up Assessment and Assessments in RAMM Patrol.
You can also use a paper-based system in which worksheets are created and then used for Assessment inspections. The results are then entered into the Assessment system. Inspection schedules are generated giving you advance warning of Assessments that are due.
This enables you to calculate weighting for condition, risk likelihood or risk consequence. The calculations conform to the NAMS Standard Condition Categories (for Condition) or the Standards New Zealand document Guidelines for Managing Risk HB 143:1999 (for Risk Likelihood and Risk Consequence).
Let’s take the example of Assessment for a bridge. You may simply wish to know the Condition of a bridge over a period of time. You can build a worksheet template, create a worksheet and perform regular Assessments to do just that. On the other hand, you may like to know which bridges in your road network are more likely to fail or have a high economic consequence when they do fail. For this sort of Assessment you’d build a worksheet template for risk likelihood and/or consequence and perform the Assessment accordingly.
The detailed picture of your road network that emerges helps you plan for the future with greater accuracy and certainty.
Forward Work Programme (FWP)
FWP is used to manage medium to long term (up to 20 years) maintenance programmes. FWP assists asset engineers to meet NZTA’s philosophies and expectations for the management of assets as described in the State Highway Asset Management Manual (SHAMM).
Road Controlling Authorities (RCAs) will also find FWP useful for effective road asset management.
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RAMM FWP is designed to store pavement Treatment Length information at project level for a period of up to 20 years. This is beneficial as it allows you to plan your budgets for the entire network on a yearly basis and to provide costings for that period, while projecting costings for future years.
For example, you could plan to carry out a grade 3/5 two coat reseal on SH 3 RS 269 RP 0.100 – 2.540 in six years’ time. Below is an overview of the process for development of a robust Forward Work Programme.
- Read SHAMM
- Manage Treatment Lengths
- Update Treatments
- Update Maintenance Intervention Strategy (MIS) codes
- Perform FWP Analysis and Reporting
- Review steps 1 to 4 as necessary.
There are more features – too many to list on this page. The following are ones you might find useful. You can import data into RAMM, Export data from RAMM, query and report with SQL, Map assets, use the Bylaw registry for speed zones and parking, use Crash data from NZTA, use the Treatment Selection Algorithm.
You can even see a 3D representation of your pavements.
RAMM Rental Pricing
The RAMM licence is a per database licence. You need to purchase one RAMM Licence for each of your RAMM databases if you have more than one. It is for a period of 1,3,6 or 12 months. Your organisation can setup and access one RAMM database per licence. Please note that special pricing applies to NZTA databases, the Auckland Transport database and to contracts.
Please contact RSL for details.
Licence Database Access Information
The RAMM Enquiry licence includes RAMM Manager, RAMM (for Windows), RAMM SQL, RAMM Network Manager and RAMM Contractor but does not allow the inserting, updating or deleting of any data within the RAMM database. The RAMM Maintenance licence includes the same modules as RAMM Enquiry but allows the inserting, updating or deleting of data within the RAMM database.
Please note that permissions within the database (these are not set by RSL staff) may preclude any data from being changed.
Licence – Please Note
The licence rental fee includes reasonable support. This is considered to be assistance to use or implement RAMM software which is delivered over the telephone, by email, by fax or letter. It includes free software upgrades and bug fixes throughout the year.
It does not include Hosting fees. These are charged over and above the licence fees.